"Econology is the biological view of civilization.

It replaces our conventional economic view with a more scientitifc alternative."

First proposed in my book The Dynamics of Humankind, econology fills an important gap in a vacant space where biology and anthropology have remained largely disconnected. We already know how life survives, changes then dies; just as we know the origins of economy, civilisation and the cultural whims of humanity; yet, what remains to be seen is the science which actively consolidates them together. So far, modern science tells us that humans are destructive and highlights the damage we do to the environment, yet, offers nothing more than general statements and superficial summaries about why humans behave in this way. We know the many prehistoric causes which influenced our lifestyle change from foraging to farming, but what's far more important is the specific driving force that continues to propel humankind into an endless enormity so long after these events have passed. To properly understand human life today and the fate of our tomorrow we need more concise answers which can unlock the Anthropocene epoch through new insight.  

In name, econology is a portmanteau of economics and ecology; so named to represent their shared origin and mutual divergence, where natural ecology evolves into artificial economy through human manipulation. The initial assumptions about econological theory are that ecologies cannot be substituted for economies because complexified sedentism is incompatible with the variance and nonlinearity of nature. Life on Earth is subject to continuous change and adaptation, but, living in the same place in the same way directly conflicts with the biology that organisms must grow, disperse and adapt; not build, accumulate and reinvent like economic humans. Being at total opposites with nature is of course not a survival strategy favoured by natural selection. As a result, the fate of civilised humans is essentially predetermined from the outset, but econology specifies these compatibility issues as a categorical application. No existing field of science has claimed this very important role, which justifies and legitimises econology’s introduction as a new academic field.

As increased public attention draws to environmental issues and matters of mass extinction, we require the adequate science to correspond the problems, which ultimately boils down to the compatibility issues that econology expounds. Main characteristics of econology are:

  • Functions as an independent subfield in between anthropology and biology, as an operational science and not a historical science like classical anthropology has remained. While econology may often use historical inferences as evidence or initial assumptions, its main concepts and principles are temporal applications which are observational.

  • Special focus on the relationship between ecology and economy; specifically the social synthesis and technological manipulation of sedentary human settlements via artificial selection over natural selection. Denoting the extreme deviation between the natural world and humankind’s unnatural world.

  • Emphasis on our primate biology and its inescapable influence on our psychology which is designed for optimal survival in the natural world where we belong, not the preferred lifestyle of civilisation which is artificial and nonbiological.

  • Recognising new phenomena in post-agricultural behaviour where human adaptation attempts to correspond with manmade economic influences instead of the natural environment, changing the nature of our behaviour to be biologically counterintuitive.

  • The understanding of value, its exchange and creation, alongside wealth and economics as evolutionary products of a domestic demand to supply convenience. Factoring the social traps of money, creativity and innovation which cause explosions in populations and the stretching of man and environment until collapse.

  • Deconstructed view of social constructs such as law, order, systems of government, political philosophies, morality, customs and norms which underpin and sustain the complexification of advanced civilisations.


Key concepts underwriting econology are: sedentism, social domestication, artificial selection, synthetic ecology, economics, nonnatural habitats and civilisation. The central theory of econology proposes that civilisation is incompatible with nature and that while humans remain living in economies rather than ecologies, we are setup for certain failure; hence the Anthropocene epoch. Our economic bias is what espoused the grave misconception that civilisation is an advanced stage of human evolution, and that being more civilised means being more evolved and more intelligent.

A capitulation to econology grants us the theoretical foundations necessary to define exactly where humans are going wrong, which by itself, achieves the largest part of the solution through relative knowledge. When it comes to interpreting and understanding the behaviours of any animal we apply biological sciences like ecology and ethology which apply to humans exactly the same way, yet do not rely on unscientific and abstract novel concepts which economic theory does.


Most people are savvy enough to recognise there is an obvious difference between what is good for the economy versus what is good for humans, so, the priority now is to shift our efforts into developing the appropriate knowledge-base providing the unwelcome-yet-necessary damage report. Such a feat is only possible with econology. Perhaps the most beautiful part about econology is how simple and intuitive the concepts are, with glaringly obvious realisations just inches beneath the surface of the preconceptions we hold about our civilised way of life.

©2021 by Chris. R. Middleton FLS FRAI